Image by Franklin Alvear / Pixabay
By Abliz Poskam
Voice of Uyghur, April 17, 2021
Gülgine, Uyghur, 47, a former gynecologist in Uyghurland before she left China to Turkey in 2011 told to The Sankei Shimbun that "On some days there were about 80 surgeries to carry out forced sterilizations,".
She admitted her own role in the sterilization procedures at a hospital in Urumqi, the capital of the Uyghur Autonomous Region.
"A lot of women were put on the back of a truck and sent to the hospital, The [sterilization] procedure took about five minutes each, but the women were crying because they did not know what was happening to them.”
According to the interview, Gülgine showed intrauterine devices (IUDs) and said "these devices were inserted into women's wombs" as a method of forced infertility.
Gülgine added to reporters that forced sterilization has persisted in Xinjiang since around 1980, one year after China instated its "one-child policy.” She said she believes that China started the sterilization campaign in order to maintain the Uyghur population an official minority.
But the number of women sterilized in the region has increased since 2014, according to Chinese government data cited by Japan Forward.
According to data from the China Statistical Yearbook cited in a report by Vox, the birthrate in the region was cut in half from 2017 to 2019. As of 2017, about 3.12 million women were administered IUDs, which is about 60 percent of married women of childbearing age.
Adrian Zenz, a prominent scholar found that population growth rates fell by 84 percent in two of the largest Uyghur prefectures from 2015 to 2018. In that same time period, Xinjiang placed 7.8 times more net added IUDs per capita than the national average.
"By 2019, Xinjiang planned to subject at least 80 percent of women of childbearing age in the rural southern four minority prefectures to intrusive birth prevention surgeries (IUDs or sterilizations), with actual shares likely being much higher," Zenz wrote in the report.